The ISO-standard Topic Maps specifies a uniform document model used to build knowledge
and knowledge maps. Topic Maps consist of less than 20
expressions, which make it quite easy to understand and use the vocabulary.
This flexible model is not only an established concept to describe the semantics and relationship
of topics, but also a versatile tool offering asymptotic modelling capabilities, which can be used to
create embedded information resources (instead of referring to external information occurrences).
Topic Maps can be used for both creating knowledge maps of a general domain of knowledge
(domain ontology) and creating documents strongly focussed to a subdomain of knowledge
(subdomain ontology). Typical examples of such documents are guidelines
and regulations, e.g. coding standards and law procedures. But also the contents of digitalised
books, each forming a coherent knowledge domain for its own, are possible resources.
Austrian Geographical Name Register (GeoNam)
The Austrian Geographical Name Register is a digital publication (database) available on CD.
To provide additional online-access to this publication for the scientific community, a low-cost
document application based on Topic Maps has been created, instead of a traditional
The original publication, containing more than 7000 entries of geographical names, has been exported
from a database to a structured text-file at first and succeding been converted to Topic Maps by a
To minimize the size of the Topic Maps for faster web access, no verbose semantics has been included.
The "missing" semantics inside the Topic Maps are only created during runtime by resolving the known
sequence of data step by step and adding meaning to it. Finally, the different presentation views
of the Topic Maps are made by client-side XML to HTML transformations:
Motif Index of German Secular Narratives
The Motif-Index presents a comprehensive catalogue of motifs of the German secular narrative literature
from the beginning to 1400, based on the method of Stith Thompson’s "Motif Index of Folk Literature".
The genre-based catalogues of motifs are arranged by work in alphabetical order:
A typical example of a motif conform to Stith Thompson is:
- Matière de Bretagne Part 1, 2 (MdB I, MdB II)
- Chansons de Geste (CdG)
- Miscellaneous Romances (MR)
- Oriental Romances (OR)
- Heroic Epic (HR)
- Maere and Novellas (MN)
- Romances of Antiquity (RoA)
F 4188.8.131.52: Dwarf made invisible by magic caps
wich can be found in the narration of King Antelan (at 1300):
KoAnt-18: Parzefal asks Antelan to show him
the luxury of the armor. Antelan removes a ring and becomes visible. Parzefal
admires the armor and says that it cannot have been made by a human hand.
To prepare this index for online-access, the original word-files have been converted to Topic Maps
using text-mining. The different presentations views of the Topic Maps are made by client-side
XML to HTML transformations:
The SUPHICE-website introduces the project
"Secure Unplanned Provisioning of High Integrity
Communications across Europe". It summarises information about the involved consortium and the
preparatory work of the project.
The site contains lots of information and relationships between contributing companies, supporting
institutions, requirement documents and research results regarding the project. For this reason
a Topic Map is an ideal solution in order to represent the project. Due to the rather small size of the
website, native coding of the Topic Map could be applied, without need for expensive authoring tools.
The simplicity of the Topic Map vocabulary proves to be an advantage: less than 10 functions, mixed
with semantics, are required to create a complete website including navigation.